Post by @CubanWindow

“Education begins with the life and end with the dead” Jose Marti.

June of 1960, the General Nationalization of Education Act was adopted in Cuba. It was declared the education as a public right, free of charge and as a non-transferable obligation of the State.

At the time of its implementation, the country had thousands of illiterates. That’s s why in 1960 the Literacy Campaign began for all  Cubans who could not read or write.

The Volunteer Teacher Contingent (3,000 teachers and young people) was created and disseminated throughout the country including the mountains of the east of the island and used as a material the “Alfabeticemos manual” that served as a guide to the literacy teacher and “The booklet”, with exercises to be performed by the student and photographic material intended to serve as support to the class.

At the end of the summer of 1961, the brigades were fully underway, with approximately 178,000 popular literacy teachers, 30,000 brigadistas and 100,000 brigaders Conrado Benítez, in honor of the volunteer teacher, he had only 18 years old when was killed by the gangs of rebels prepared and armed by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States. The teachers brigade included young people between the ages of 7 and 19 who had their parents’ permission. These young people were directly targeted by the counterrevolutionary gangs, 10 of them were murdered, the youngest, Manuel Ascunce Domenech at the age of 16, was tortured and hanged by the peasant who was teaching, Pedro Lantigua.

In addition, was formed the “Brigades Patria o Muerte”,  by workers who received a salary while doing this literacy work.

On December 22, 1961, the National Literacy Campaign was declared successfully and Cuba , in the José Martí Revolution Square, as a Free Territory of Illiteracy. That day marked the celebration of National Educator Day in the country. The campaign also had the capacity to massively mobilize the Cuban population.

Some Education Programs developed in Cuba

  • Educate your child: Includes children between 0 and 5 years old who do not attend the Daycare and receive,  with their parents, the care of educational professionals in squares and parks
  • Literacy program “Yes, I Can”: A Cuban program to end illiteracy in the world. Have been literate 9 million people in more than 30 countries.