Except for the first wave of immigrants committed to the regime of Fulgencio Batista and the interests of the United States Government that arrived in our country, Cubans have the same motivations that lead millions of people across the world to cross borders .
The phenomenon is associated with the enormous challenges that humanity faces as a result of the polarization of wealth that has deepened the gap between the countries of the so-called geopolitical south and those that concentrate the greater resources, privileged access to information, knowledge and technology as a result of the systematic looting of the natural and human resources of the countries that today are the main emitters of international migration.
However, the immigration policy that were implemented by the United States against Cuba altered the composition, fluidity and intensity of Cuban emigration by modifying its geographic distribution, since criminal networks that have directed smuggling have led to the trafficking of Cubans by third countries.
Currently, about 85.7% of Cubans living abroad reside in the United States, 77% are concentrated in the south of the country and more than two-thirds, 68%, live in Florida, representing 6 , 5% of the total population of the State and constituting the largest group of Hispanic origin.
The migration programs unilaterally implemented for US allowed him to select the characteristics of Cuban emigrants, according to their interests, during the process of granting visas. Thus, for example, the US Refugee Program conditioned and favored those Cubans who demonstrated sufficient “merits” in their counter revolutionary activity as an element to stimulate their work of internal destabilization.
Likewise, the Cuban Medical Professional Parole Program were created to promote the emigration of the most qualified people during the presidency of George W. Bush in August of 2006 to promote the emigration of Cuban medical personnel on third countries.
For purely political purposes, the program proposed to discredit and impede the Cuban medical collaboration with friendly countries and intensify the affectation that already produces the economic blockade in a strategic sector for the country. It is intended to use in its political game professionals of recognized scientific and humanistic quality, who perform works of high sensitivity and value to the population, who, after attracted by propaganda, if they are prevented from continuing their professional practice.
In this way, the phenomenon, once again supported by the Cuban Adjustment Act, is a classic case of brain theft, described by its effects as a “fatal flush” and denounced by other affected countries and international organizations such as the United Nations Program For Development (UNDP) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Yesterday President Obama amazes the media and marks an unpredictable goal for US foreign policy by ending two immigration rules that granted Cubans who came to our country without obtaining the visa.
Cuba and the Government of the United States signed a Joint Declaration – Immigration Agreement that responds to the national interest of both countries for the prevention of irregular migration that endangers human life and to combat acts of violence associated with these phenomena , so both governments reiterated the interest of continuing the process of normalization in their relations.
“The Republic of Cuba and the United States of America have reached an agreement to take an important step in the normalization of their migratory relations, in order to guarantee a regular, safe and orderly migration.”
“Effective bilateral cooperation to prevent and prosecute trafficking in persons, as well as crimes related to migratory movements that jeopardize their national security, including the hijacking of aircraft and ships.”
Nevertheless, for Cuba there are several pending issues in the bilateral process:
- The lifting of the blockade
- The return to Cuba of the territory occupied by the US Naval Base at Guantanamo
- Reviewing the Cuban Adjustment Act for full normal relations in the migratory area can be achieved and their sovereignty respected.
FYI: We just read in the most reactionary media “The dream of Cubans is finished just steps from the United States ” (in open defense to the ILLEGAL entry of Cubans in our territory). But the real matter is that the dream of those who wish to emigrate from Cuba now it going to adapt to the American immigration policy that applies to all immigrants, without discriminatory excepcion
(2) State Dep. Brief.
On August 11, 2006, the Department of Homeland Security announced, in conjunction with the Department of State, that it would allow Cuban medical personnel conscripted to study or work in a third country under the direction of the Cuban government to enter the United States. This program is known as the Cuban Medical Professional Parole (CMPP) Program.
- What is the statutory authority that allows the Department of Homeland Security to parole Cubans into the United States? Within the Department of Homeland Security, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) may exercise its discretionary parole authority to permit eligible Cuban nationals to come to the United States. See INA section 212(d)(5)(A), 8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(5)(A) (permits parole of an alien into the United States for urgent humanitarian reasons or significant public benefit); see also 8 CFR 212.5(c) & (d) (discretionary authority for granting parole)
- How does a Cuban Medical Professional qualify for consideration of parole? Cuban Medical Professionals must meet the following criteria:(1)must be a Cuban national or citizen, (2) must be a medical professional currently conscripted to study or work in a third country under the direction of the Government of Cuba, and (3) must not have any ineligibilities that would prevent admission into the United States.
- Who are Cuban Medical Professionals? Cuban Medical Professionals are those health-care providers who are sent by the Castro regime to work or study in third countries. Under Cuban Resolution 54, these same Medical Professionals are often denied exit permission by the Cuban Government to come to the United States when they qualify under other established legal channels to migrate from Cuba. Doctors, nurses, paramedics, physical therapists, lab technicians and sports trainers are examples of groups that may qualify for the CMPP program.
- Are family members eligible to enter the United States under the CMPP? The spouse and/or unmarried children accompanying the primary applicant in the third country may also be considered for parole at the same time the CMPP application is being made. An approved CMPP applicant in the United States may file an application with USCIS to permit his or her spouse and/or unmarried children to enter the United States.
- What should interested persons be required to submit? Interested persons will be required to submit Department of State Forms DS-156, DS-157, DS-158 and a USCIS questionnaire. In addition, applicants will be required to submit to a consular officer at an Embassy or Consulate overseas proof of nationality, proof of their profession and evidence of their conscription. If there is a USCIS office in the third country, the applicant must submit the documentation to that office. Adjudication of the parole request by USCIS may take up to four to six weeks. In some cases, adjudication of the CMPP application may take longer depending on completion of security checks. If approved, travel costs and arrangements (including obtaining exit visas from any third country) are the responsibility of the CMPP applicant.