Post by @CubanWindow

José Antonio Saco: Cuban sociologist, journalist, historian, economist, anti-slavery. It manifested itself against the annexation of Cuba to the United States and defining it masterfully:

“If the Spanish Government cut the political ties that unite Cuba with Spain, I would not be so criminal to proposed to unite my country to the chariot of Great Britain.  Give her an existence of his own, an independent existence; as isolated in the political as it is in Nature.  But if dragged by the circumstances, she had to throw himself into the arms of a stranger, she could never fall with more honor or glory than in those of the Great American Confederation.  In them she would find peace and comfort, strength and protection, justice and freedom; And leaning on such solid foundations, would shortly show the world the portentous spectacle of a people, who from the deepest despondency rises and passes with the speed of lightning to the highest point of greatness.”

Annexationist feelings

Back in the 1800s the large Cuban sugar planters consider annexation to the slave states of the southern United States as a good option for the island. The annexationists advocated incorporation into the United States, aspired to maintain slavery, greater trade liberties, tariff reductions and other Economic benefits.


Between July and August of 1849 an invasion to Cuba was organized, which left Round Island, New Orleans. In it participated some American veterans of the war against Mexico. Others went for the offer of $ 1,000 and 64 hectares of Cuba that would have been effective in case of success, but was not.

The conspiracy plans did not stop, between May 15 and 16, 1850, more than six hundred men coming from US, made the landing in the city Of Cárdenas, Matanzas Province, taken by forty-eight hours, when the current flag of Cuba was post for the first time.

From New Orleans a new expedition is prepared with only 450 mens, they arrived on August 12, 1851 at Playitas, in Pinar del Rio. This attempt was also unsuccessful.

The Neocolonial Republic

On January 1, 1899, the United States formally entered Cuba’s possession.

It was now a matter of defining the future of Cuba, and whatever it was, the government of Washington considered it convenient for the disappearance of the representative institutions of the Cuban liberation movement.

This would contribute to the weaknesses and contradictions among Cubans, especially the differences between Máximo Gómez, General-in-Chief of the Liberating Army and the Assembly of Representatives, the highest political body of the Revolution.

The result was the disappearance of both institutions, which, together with the dissolution of the Cuban Revolutionary Party (PRC) by the decision of its delegate, Tomas Estrada Palma, disintegrated and left to the forces of independence.

The military occupation, legitimized by the Treaty of Paris of December 10, 1898, (1) the experimental framework for the application of the policy toward Cuba.

(1) The Treaty of Paris was signed in the French capital on December 10, 1898, without the participation of representatives of Cuba, the Philippines or Puerto Rico.  The text established Spain’s renunciation of its sovereignty and property over Cuba, but no reference was made to Cuba’s independence. Spain also gave Puerto Rico to the U.S as compensation for war expenses and sold them the Philippines for $ 20 million, which would be paid in the first three months after the change of powers.