tarea vida 1

Post by @CubanWinow

WIF: Cubadebate

” Task Life: State Plan State plan for tackling Climate Change” That has been the name given by the Council of States of the Republic of Cuba to the program to combat climate change on the island as a result of the creation of multidisciplinary groups, made up of specialists from all over the country who have made a comprehensive assessment of the island’s situation in the face of climate change.

Greenhouse gases are considered the key to the problem and although Cuba’s contribution to global emissions is minimal – it does not exceed 0.08% – the cost will be high because of its archipelago status. Thats why the autorities are taking the study about climate change as a priority issue and were implementing measures that will help to mitigate its effects.

Importants Facts

  • Cuban coasts are the most fragile scenario, of the 499 beaches that were evaluated at the beginning of the program, 82 percent already show signs of erosion and the sea level has risen 6.77 cm on average since 1966 to date with an accelerated process in The last five years.
  • Since the middle of last century, the average annual temperature has increased by 0.9 degrees Celsius in Cuba. Today, climate is warmer and more extreme.
  • The elevation of the sea level can reach up to 27 centimeters by 2050 and up to 85 by 2100, values that correspond to the estimated ranges for the whole planet.
  • The coastal floods caused by extreme weather events cause damage to the natural and built heritage, as well as sea level rise, a problem that endangers several settlements
  • Less rainfall, higher temperature and drought occurrence, studies predict that by the year 2100 there will be a 37 percent reduction in the availability of water potential.

Actions taken to address climate change in Cuba

  • Creation of the Institute of Meteorology
  • Foundation of the Institute of Hydraulic Resources
  • Civil Defense System
  • Creation and improvement of thematic networks (hydrological, meteorological, seismological, geodetic, oceanographic, radiological, and sanitary)
  • The National Atlas of Cuba (two editions)
  • Conformation of the map and the geological lexicon of Cuba
  • Soil and Climate Atlas maps
  • In 1991 a preliminary study on the impacts of climate change in Cuba (high level of vulnerability)
  • Creation in 1994 of CITMA
  • Law 81 of the Environment
  • National Scientific-Technical Program of Global Changes and Evolution of the Cuban Environment
  • Approval in 2005 of Directive No. 1 for disaster reduction by the National Defense Council. (Updated in 2010)

Strategic actions

  • Do not allow the construction of new housing in threatened coastal settlements that are predicted to disappear by permanent flood and the most vulnerable. Reduce population density in low-lying coastal areas.
  • To develop constructive conceptions in the infrastructure, adapted to the coastal floods for the low zones.
  • Adapt agricultural activities, in particular those with the greatest impact on the country’s food security, to changes in land use as a result of sea level rise and drought.
  • Reduce crop areas to the coast affected by saline intrusion. Diversify crops, improve soil conditions, introduce and develop varieties resistant to the new temperature scenario.
  • Plan in a determined period the processes of urban reorganization of the threatened settlements and infrastructures, in accordance with the economic conditions of the country.

Priority areas and places

  • Artemisa and Mayabeque Provinces
  • North coast of Havana and its bay
  • Special Development Zone of Mariel
  • Varadero and its tourist corridors.
  • Touristic keys of Villa Clara and the north of Ciego de Ávila and Camagüey
  • North and South Coast of Ciego de Avila
  • North Coast of Holguin
  • The city of Santiago de Cuba and its bay
  • Territories threatened by rising sea level