Since April 2002, when the coup d’état against President Hugo Chavez was carried out, in Venezuela he began to speculate about how the political opposition was being held economically .
During December 2002 and February 2003, many private traders joined a lockout (which also resulted in an oil sabotage) and for sixty days they closed their food, clothing, appliances and other types of products .
How can a small or medium businessman close his premises for sixty days and not go bankrupt? Once again, the specter of foreign financing seized the Venezuelan political debate.
“This book details how the United States in Venezuela implemented its Plan A of intervention and subversion for Latin America. That he failed this time does not necessarily mean that the aggressor gives up. “
In December 2010, Wikileaks published a leak of diplomatic documents classified by the US Government. With information on the meetings held with Venezuelan opposition figures , coordination, offers and on different types of aid channeled by the Venezuelan embassy in Caracas.
After reviewing the leaked documentation, AVN news agency released a report that provided details of those documents.
One of the most relevant was signed by Robert Downes, ex-political advisor of the US Embassy. In Caracas, and was named Five strategic points of the team in the country for the programmatic support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). In it, USA. Was intended to carry out a series of actions between 2004 and 2006 to promote the departure of Chavismo from political power.
The five points of the document stipulated “strengthening democratic institutions, penetrating Chavez’s political base, dividing Chavismo, protecting vital US businesses, and isolating Chavez internationally ,” AVN said.
Rain of dollars
Wikileaks revealed that through the Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) of the USAID, Washington delivered between 300 civil organizations Venezuelans fifteen million dollars under the screen of human rights and education programs, says the report.
The leaks also revealed another document from the embassy in Caracas entitled Request for funds to help strengthen local governments and civil society groups , which was classified by the then Chargé d’affaires of the diplomatic representation, John Caulfield.
The embassy considered that the seven million dollars approved for the financing to the Venezuelan opposition in 2009 were insufficient , reason why they asked to Washington that added another three million to that amount.
This would lead in 2011 to the Venezuelan Parliament to reform the Organic Law against organized crime and the financing of terrorism, in order to control movements of money from abroad intended to attack the Republic.
The violent plan to overthrow Nicolas Maduro in 2014, which his opponents called “La Salida”, was not a work of the will of the militants of the opposition base.
Being president of the Parliament, the deputy Diosdado Cabello
Denounced him that opponents received two million 381 thousand 824 dollars “from the non-governmental organization, the National Foundation for Democracy (NED), which is based in Washington.
“La Salida” failed to overthrow Maduro, but left a total of 43 Venezuelans dead and more than 800 wounded. For these events the leader Leopoldo Lopez was tried and sentenced to prison.
On April 16, President Nicolas Maduro showed on television the direct relationship between the opposition and violent acts in recent weeks , Telesur reported.
Maduro released a video in which a young man arrested confessed to having received from the opposition leaders a payment of 300 thousand bolívares (about 412 dollars) to destroy the headquarters of the Magistrature: “I present the evidence authorized by the Public Prosecutor’s Office. They are only a few. There will be justice, “ promised the president.
A month later, on May 27, 2017, journalist and researcher Victor Hugo Majano published in his news blog an extensive research that reveals the origin of at least “one hundred thousand dollars” sent to the opposition from the USA. “in less than a month”.
In an interview with Russian RT, Majano explained that “they [the US tax collectors] masquerade that financial operation with a collection of resources to pay for medical supplies . “
The journalist believes that the people who collect this money are “children of the Venezuelan oligarchy”.
In addition, he emphasized that the local press portrays them as “heroes who support some guarimberos who defend themselves from the actions of the State. In this way they legitimize in the public opinion that it may be lawful to collect money for such violent activities. “
For the French sociologist and writer Romain Migus, US funding for anti-Chavism “is not only not new, it also operates through a kind of triangulation” with foundations and non-governmental organizations created by US official agencies that have given way to other forms of collection.
“In the midst of the current situation of violence, the novelty is that with the entry into the scene of the ‘dollar today’, of the phenomenon known as bachaquerismo, narco-paramilitarism and the traffic of Venezuelan paper money or paper money; The adverse sectors have generated foci of autonomous financing, parallel to that received from Washington, “he said.