Via Granma Cuba
More than just words, ideas, and principles written on a few pieces of paper, even its definition as the Fundamental Law of Our Republic fails to capture the significance of the 137 articles which make up Cuba’s Constitution, because to speak of the Constitution is to speak of the State, equality, rights, democracy, social justice, respect for the full dignity of all humans…
Cuba’s parliamentary history was born amidst the clamor of our independence wars, when the island’s insurgent forces met at La Manigua to form a single government, whose first action was to proclaim all men equal.
The first Constitution to be implemented in the country was written during the Guáimaro Assembly in April 1869. The document recognized that all inhabitants of the island were free, a principle that would never be abandoned and would feature just as prominently in the three other constitutions that were to emerge in the 19th century over the course of the country’s independence struggles: The Constitution of Baraguá (1878); Jimaguayú (1895); and La Yaya (1897).
And as difficult as it was to achieve national sovereignty, creating a Constitution that represented the people, that served citizens’ interests and not those of a certain social class or government, was just as arduous. However, this was a feat that could only be achieved through revolutionary struggle, the only way Cuba could secure full independence and create a Republic “with all and for the good of all,” as envisioned by Cuba’s national hero, José Martí.
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